AAP Animal Advocacy and Protection (The Netherlands)
AAP Animal Advocacy and Protection, founded in the 1960s, is dedicated to a better future for exotic mammlas, such as primates, raccoons, degus and lions. AAP has two centres, one in Almere (the Netherlands) and one in Alicante (Spain), named Primadomus. In 2015 AAP received 995 rescue requests from all over Europe, rescued 199 animals, cared for a total of  454, and outplaced 116. AAP has quarantine, rehabilitation and resocialization facilities, as well asa bio-safety level 2 chimpanzee facility. Parallel to rescuing individual animals, AAP focuses on prevention and better legislation and works to influence policymakers and public opinion. AAP is frequently asked for help with confiscations by governments across Europe. AAP is a Member of Eurogroup for Animals, the Species Survival Network, the Dutch Animal Coalition and InfoCircos (Spain), among other collaborations.
Animanatura Wild Sanctuary (Italy)
The “Animanatura Wild Sanctuary” was born in 1996 in Semproniano (Grosseto province - Tuscany) and with the initial support of WWF and Tuscany Region and now with the help of LAV (Lega Anti Vivisezione)  is a 25 hectares area surrounded by the nature of the Maremma hills - where animals can live undisturbed.
The project came from the need to give animals a permanent house where they can stay until the end of their lives, because they cannot be reintroduced in nature again. Since 1996, the sanctuary has hosted animals victim of illegal trade, mistreated, abused or part of special protection plans.
Animanatura’s aim is to ensure the necessary health care system to animals entered in our country illegally or abused, in order to reinsert them in an environment more similar to the natural one.
In over 20 years of activity, the centre had taken care of more than 18.000 native animals and more than 3.000 wild and exotic animals.

Website: http://www.animanatura.org/

ARCTUROS Environmental Centre (Greece)
In 1993, ARCTUROS environmental NGO in Greece established the ARCTUROS Environmental Centre in an effort to solve the problem of the dancing bears, and captive bears that live in appalling conditions, and to establish a national campaign for public awareness and environmental education for large carnivores in Greece. The centre, that includes a veterinary centre for large carnivores, is located in the village of Aetos, Florina, West Macedonia. The Bear Sanctuary and the Bear Information Centre is located in the traditional mountain village Nymfeo. The Wolf Sanctuary with the Wolf Information Centre is located in the village of Agrapidies. ARCTUROS Environmental Centre cares for 13 bears and 10 wolves which are confiscated from bear trainers, private owners, zoos, or found in the forests as orphan cubs or pups. It is equipped with a specialised surgery and veterinary care facilities, with modern exhibition and education facilities, as well as an office and facilities to host volunteers; it is supervised by the Greek Ministry of Environment.

Website: http://www.arcturos.gr/en/main.php

Bear Sanctuary Prishtina, Vier Pfoten (Kosovo)
More than 100 bears are suspected to be kept in restaurants in Albania, Bosnia, Croatia, Kosovo and Serbia. To provide a solution for the bears and help to the national governments implement law enforcement, Vier Pfoten is constructing a new bear sanctuary in the region. The facility is being built near Priština, Kosovo, which in its first phase will provide enough space for at least 25 bears from Kosovo and neighbouring countries. Later, with further expansion of the outdoor enclosure complex, Vier Pfoten hopes to increase the maximum capacity for up to 60 bears. An educational exhibition is planned to offer opportunities for education and to raise awareness for animal welfare issues.

Website: http://www.vier-pfoten.org/en/projects/bears/bear-sanctuary-prishtina/

Bears in Mind (The Netherlands)
Bears all over the world are threatened due to loss of habitat, habitat fragmentation illegal hunting and abuse by humans. In many places bears are mistreated for entertainment as dancing bears, in circuses, theatre and film industry. The Bears in Mind mission is to protect nature, the bear and its wild habitat in particular as well as other animal species sharing this habitat. Bears in Mind also focuses on the welfare of captive bears. Bears in Mind, formerly Alertis - Fund for Bear and Nature Conservation, was established in 1993. The first and most well-known project is the Bear Forest in Ouwehand Zoo Rhenen, the Netherlands. In this large bear enclosure formerly mistreated bears, such as dancing and circus bears, live in a 2 hectare forest area with European wolves. In contrast with their former life, they can enjoy being a bear. Bears in Mind is mainly involved in conservation of the large bear species. The nonprofit organisation supports research projects, nature conservation and educational projects. These are carried out mainly in European countries like Bulgaria, Georgia, Croatia, Romania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Greece, Spain, Slovakia, but also outside Europe, in India, Russian Far East, Lao, Vietnam, China, Indonesia and Venezuela.

Website: http://www.bearsinmind.org/

Bӓrenwald Arbesbach, Vier Pfoten (Austria)
Opened in 1998, the BÄRENWALD Arbesbach was the first VIER PFOTEN bear sanctuary. It was expanded in 2009 and offers visitors the opportunity to experience bears in their natural surroundings and learn about many aspects of these animals. There are currently seven brown bears living in the 14,000 square meter sanctuary. Bears in captivity cannot be released back into the wild, as they are too dependent on and accustomed to humans and would not survive. Many also suffer from serious behavioural problems as a result of the bad captive conditions in which they have been kept. The BÄRENWALD Arbesbach offers these bears an alternative. Here, they are able to rediscover their natural instincts and return to their normal behaviour – roaming, digging caves or hibernating. Five ponds enable the water-loving bears to clean their fur and enjoy physical activity. The regular introduction of new playthings provides the bears with tasks they must solve and maintains their natural curiosity. The food is distributed throughout the entire enclosure so that the bears can spend all day searching for it, as they would do in the wild. The bears have plenty of opportunity to withdraw from human viewing.

Website: http://www.baerenwald.at/

Bӓrenwald Müritz, Vier Pfoten (Germany)
There are a large number of brown bears living in unsuitable conditions throughout Germany. Frequently, even minimum standards and guidelines for keeping brown bears are not met. Since 2006 the BÄRENWALD Müritz rescues bears from these conditions and provides them with a new home. When the previous bear owners surrender their bears to VIER PFOTEN, they commit themselves to
 neither acquiring nor keeping any bears in future. To prevent further wild animals being born in captivity all male bears are castrated on arrival in our sanctuaries. In spring 2011 the facility was expanded and now covers 125.000 square meters and it is the largest bear sanctuary of its kind in Western Europe. Visitors can experience the bears while strolling through the forest and learn more about these fascinating wild animals at various information points.

Website: http://www.baerenwald-mueritz.de/

Centro Tutela e Ricerca Fauna Esotica e Selvatica Monte Adone (Italy)
The Centro Tutela e Ricerca Fauna Esotica e Selvatica Monte Adone was established in 1989 and is located in the Province of Bologna, Italy. It is a voluntary association with the aim of safeguarding and conserving local and exotic fauna. The centre is committed to recovering and rescuing wounded autochthonous wild animals (deer, raptors, hedgehogs, foxes, dormice, etc.). The emergency rescue service operates 24 hours a day on the territory of Emilia Romagna Region. On average they rescue 500 autochthonous wild animals every year. The rescued animals are provided with veterinary treatment, care and rehabilitation to facilitate reinsertion to the wild. Monte Adone also assist with the rescue and protection of abandoned or abused exotic fauna that often includes mistreatment and unauthorised trade and possession (large felines, primates, parrots, etc.). When possible these animals are introduced into specific facilities in Europe where they can live in appropriate social groups for the species and in semi free environment. For others, as well as for the rescued local fauna for which the release is not possible, the centre becomes a permanent home. Among others, today the centre is a sanctuary for 12 chimpanzees, 4 tigers, 3 lions, 1 lynx and 10 monkeys. Besides animal rescue and care, an important part of our work constitutes education and sensitization of the general public towards environmental issues through guided visits, school lectures, conferences etc., and collaborating with universities for behavioural research of the animals in our care.

Website: http://www.centrotutelafauna.org/

Dancing Bears Park Belitsa, Vier Pfoten (Bulgaria)
Created in 2000 the DANCING BEARS PARK Belitsa provides 27 former dancing bears from Bulgaria and Serbia with a new home. The facility is located in the Rila mountain range about 170 kilometres south of Sofia. Following expansion work in 2004, the sanctuary now covers over 120,000 square metres of natural terrain. In the DANCING BEARS PARK Belitsa the bears have the possibility to swim in ponds, climb trees, and to hibernate during the winter period as is their nature. This project proves that it is possible to enable animals to return to natural behaviour patterns even if, like dancing bears, they have spent years in unsuitable conditions. Made possible by the cooperation between Vier Pfoten and Fondation Brigitte Bardot, this project is currently funded by both organizations.

Website: http://www.dancingbearspark.org/

De Zonnegloed Sanctuary (Belgium)
Sanctuary De Zonnegloed is a wild animal sanctuary. It is a facility that rescues, cares for and provides shelter for wild native and non-indigenous animals that have been abused, are injured, abandoned or are otherwise in distress – be it in private ownership or from zoos and circuses. The welfare of each individual animal is the primary consideration in all sanctuary actions. In addition, the facility enforces a non-breeding policy and a non-kill policy. It replaces animals only by way of rescue, confiscation or donation. De Zonnegloed is open to the public with a focus on education and raising awareness. http://www.dezonnegloed.be
Foundation for Bears (Germany)
The foundation runs two Alternative Bear Parks in Germany which serve as sanctuaries. The first was established in 1996 in Thuringian Worbis and the second in 2010 in the Black Forest. In both parks animals who have experienced bad living conditions in captivity have found a new, behaviourally appropriate home for life. Since the establishment of the parks 33 bears, 36 wolves and 2 lynxes have been saved and given shelter. Many other animals, among them 85 bears, over 50 wolves, 8 lynxes, 18 big species of the feline family but also monkeys, horses and numerous ungulates, have been relocated into better accommodation. 

Website: https://www.baer.de/

Lakeview Monkey Sanctuary (England)
The mission of Lakeview Monkey Sanctuary is to ‘Rescue, Re-home and Rehabilitate’. They provide a lifelong home to monkeys who have come from a variety of situations and backgrounds, but predominately pets. These monkeys arrive with varying degrees of physical and psychological problems, due to poor diets, housing and the lack of socialization with other monkeys. The aim of Lakeview aim is to provide these intelligent creatures with the opportunity to live within species appropriate social groups, usually the first time in their lives. They are introduced to a suitable diet, given veterinary treatment and allowed access to the great outdoors, where they can see and hear the other monkeys. Lakeview Monkey Sanctuary is not open to the public; they believe the monkeys deserve the chance to live in peace and tranquility and at last, achieve ‘sanctuary’.

Website: http://www.lakeviewmonkeysanctuary.com/

Libearty Rezervatia de Ursi (Romania)
Libearty Rezervatia de Ursi was established to enable the legal confiscation and care of bears held in illegal and inadequate captive conditions in Romania. Around 50 bears were found in cages used as attractions in restaurants and petrol stations etc. The sanctuary enabled the authorities to enforce the law and confiscate these bears. In addition, as Romania joined the EU in 2007 the sanctuary has taken in a number of bears from zoos being closed down due to the implementation of the EU Zoo Directive. The sanctuary consists of three forested enclosures (mainly oak and Hazel) in the Carpathian Mountains of central Transylvania. The enclosure space is approximately 17 hectares with another enclosure of 8 hectares built in 2012. Since 2011 56 European brown bears are living at the sanctuary with a further 15 identified for rescue. A key goal of the sanctuary is to change attitudes in Romania against the keeping of bears in private and inadequate captivity. Libearty Rezervatia de Ursi engages with the public, media and government, and runs an education programme for Romanian schools to create awareness of wildlife protection and animal welfare.

Website: http://www.ampbears.ro/en/bear-sanctuary

Mona Foundation (Spain)
The Mona Foundation was established in 2000 to rescue illegal held and traded primates in Spain. In 2001 the Foundation established a sanctuary near Girona in Spain which provides a home for rescued chimpanzees and other primates where they can live in a natural environment, and where people can be inspired to understand and respect them. Currently Mona rescues chimpanzees and Barbary macaques. The main goals of Mona Foundation are: to create a sanctuary to home, rehabilitate and rescue chimpanzees from the illegal pet trade and the entertainment industry; to create a facility with a natural environment where people interested in primatology can conduct behavioural studies; and to provide a place where the public can observe the primates living within social groups. In addition to primate rescue and rehabilitation Mona Foundation is also involved in guided visits, schools activities, non-invasive research programmes, primate behavioural courses, and campaigns against use of chimpanzees in entertainment.

Website: http://www.fundacionmona.org/en/

Natuurhulpcentrum Wildlife Rescue Centre (Belgium)
The Natuurhulpcentrum Wildlife Rescue Centre comprises two main types of activity. The main activity is the provision of a rescue and rehabilitation for sick and injured native wildlife (foxes, birds of prey, songbirds and squirrels etc.). Most of the animals are brought to the rescue centre by the person that finds them, or are caught by centre staff (birds in chimneys, deer trapped in gardens etc.). Natuurhulpcentrum also operates a rescue centre for exotic animals (primates, big and small mammals, and reptiles). Most of these animals are confiscated by the authorities or surrendered by their owners because they became too aggressive. Every year, Natuurhulpcentrum takes in over 7000 animals. Native wildlife is released back into the wild, and new homes for exotic species are sought in other rescue centers or zoos. Natuurhulpcentrum currently has approximately 16,000 members.

Website: http://www.natuurhulpcentrum.be/

Primadomus/AAP (Spain)
The initial goal of Primadomus was defined as providing a permanent sanctuary for specific groups of primates rescued and socialized at AAP Rescue Centre for Exotic Animals for which outplacement was not available. AAP has relocated many stable primate groups previously rescued and socialized in The Netherlands to sanctuaries and zoos across Europe. AAP has also identified however that there is a substantial number of Barbary macaques smuggled from Morocco to Europe that need rescue. AAP plans to expand the activities of Primadomus, building a bigger quarantine and new socialization units, to facilitate the confiscation and rescue of more Barbary macaques. The ultimate goal is to return social groups of Barbary macaques back to their natural habitat on North Africa. This new direction for Primadomus represents an example of how AAP believes it can help to solve current problems. AAP and Primadomus are also assessing how they can play a role for the rescue of other exotic mammals in south-west Europe.

Website: http://www.aap.nl/english/primadomus-spanje.html

Refuge de l'Arche (France)
Refuge de l'Arche takes in exotic, wild and domestic animals which have been held in captivity (by individuals, circuses, laboratories, zoos, etc.). The one thousand 'residents', representing around a hundred different species, live on 22 hectares and stay there until the end of their lives or are transferred to more suitable places. Each animal has its own story. It is not always a happy one, and all too often it has been disrupted by contact with humans, as explained on the guided tour to raise awareness about animal welfare.The site is open to the public for educational and financial purposes, and attracts an average of 85,000 visitors per year.
Stichting Leeuw (Netherlands)
The Lion Foundation is a rescue facility for big cats, which is situated on the Hoenderdaell Estate in Anna Paulowna, The Netherlands. In April 2012 the first big cats were moved to the Lion Foundation. The foundation aims to shelter big cats in need. If at all possible, shelter will be temporary and will prepare the animals for a return to their natural habitat. The rescued cats come for example from private parties or from circuses, which as a result of new legislation are no longer allowed. The owners look for a place where these lions and tigers can live in comfort for the rest of their lives. The Lion Foundation provides such a place. In 2015, the Foundation reached its first goal and brought the first lions to South-Africa to a protected area.

Website: https://www.stichtingleeuw.nl/

Wild Futures (England)
The aims of Wild Futures is to promote the welfare and conservation of primates; to end the trade in primates for any purpose and the abuse of primates in captivity; to conserve and restore natural habitats in the UK and abroad through funding, education and sustainable practices, and to provide a home for life to primates in need of rescue and rehabilitation. Wild Futures rescue and rehabilitation work is carried out at their sanctuary, based in Looe, Cornwall. Since 2001 Wild Futures has rescued 38 monkeys, guaranteeing a lifelong home and providing the opportunity for monkeys to socialise and form natural bonds with other monkeys. Underpinning all of Wild Futures work in conservation, campaigning and rehabilitation is their education work, believing that the only way to achieve conservation goals is by educating people. Open to the public for seven months a year, the sanctuary offers a unique insight to over 30,000 visitors each year, into primate conservation and welfare issues. Wild Futures campaign work is focused on the prevention of abuse of primates in captivity, with the specific aim of putting an end to the primate pet trade in the UK and abroad.

Website: http://www.wildfutures.org/